KNIVES TO GRIND.
THE apparatus of the Knife-grinder is accurately delineated in the annexed Plate. The same wheel turns his grinding and his whetting stone. On a smaller wheel, projecting beyond the other, he trundles his commodious shop from street to street, and generally finds some employment in each. He charges for grinding and setting scissars one penny or two pence per pair; for pen-knives one penny each; and table-knives one shilling and sixpence or two shillings per dozen, according to the polish that is required.
Whitehall. This beautiful and memorable structure stands in Parliament-street, facing the Horse-guards. It was begun in 1619, from a design of Inigo Jones, in his purest manner, and cost 17,000l. The present building is only a small part of a vast plan left unexecuted by reason of the troubles which succeeded. The ceiling, which cannot be too much admired, was painted by Rubens: the subject is the Apotheosis of James the First. The front of the Banquetting-house is seen in the Plate. The northern end of the palace, to the left of the Plate, is that through which King Charles passed to the scaffold. The breach in the wall made for that purpose is now covered on the outside by the adjoining building; but within the palace the same passage is the entrance into that building. The Banquetting-house has for many years past been converted into a chapel.
In the square behind Whitehall palace is an uncommonly fine statue in brass of James the Second, executed by Gibbons the year before that monarch abdicated his throne. At the north end of the Banquetting-house still remains a very high gilt vane, erected by order of James. When the reports were current of the Prince of Orange's intentions to come over and claim the crown, James lodged at Whitehall, and had his bed-room in a part of the palace from which he could see this vane; and by it his hopes and his fears were daily decided. The west wind was the popish, and the east the protestant: if the latter blew, it had a visible effect upon his spirits the whole of the day.